Gum maintenance (hygiene visit)
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infectious disease of your gums caused by the build up of dental plaque.
Dental plaque is an accumulation of bacteria adhering to the surface of the teeth or gum, it is often soft, sticky and appears white in colour. Thorough brushing and flossing could often remove the build up of dental plaque. However, when the mature plaque is left on your teeth for a prolonged period of time, the calcium ions from your saliva penetrates into the deeper layers of the plaque biofilm and this process will harden the plaque, and transforms into dental calculs. Calculus, a stone-like structure which crystallises on the side of teeth and sticks on your teeth, they cannot be cleaned off by daily brushing or flossing, and they